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The total area of Mysore city, which was 7569 hectares in 1995, has increased to 9221 hectares in 2001, representing a growth rate of 22%. The total area is further expected to increase to 15669 hectares by 2011. The growth in recent years is skewed towards Southern Mysore i.e towards Nanjangud. MUDA/ private developers have developed new layouts in the area like, Vijayanagar and J.P. Nagar. Besides, the residential layouts the private developers have lined up an array of proposals to develop malls, convention centres and golf course etc

 

Category

Area in hectares

% Area
2001

Residential

2,849.91

39.9

Commercial

215.95

3.02

Industrial

962.61

13.48

Park and open spaces

981.7

13.74

Public semi-public

639.69

8.96

Transportation

1,150.27

16.1

Public utility

36.48

0.51

Water sheet

143.99

2.02

Agricultural

162.33

2.27

 

7,142.93

100

Nehru Loka

2,078.14

 

Total

9,221.07

 

 
 

Category

Area in hectares

% Area

2011

Residential

6,097.87

43.45

Commercial

344.07

2.45

Industrial

1855.05

13.22

Park and open spaces

1055.05

7.52

Public and semi-public

1180.78

8.41

Traffic and Transportation

2,380.56

16.96

Public utility

43.35

0.31

Water sheet

178.95

1.27

Agricultural

898.99

6.41

Nehru Loka

1,634.82

-

Total

15669.49

100

 

 

Base line information in terms of user coverage & access
Connectivity
Mysore is connected to Bangalore by SH-17 which has been recently upgraded to 4-lane divided carriageway from the earlier 2-lane road. This up gradation has tremendously reduced the commuting time between the 2 cities.  National Highway 212 and State Highways 17, 33, 88 pass through Mysore connecting it to nearby cities. The expressway which is being developed under BMIC, would not only reduce the travel time but would also create new townships, which would be self-contained.
 
Rail Network
Mysore city is the divisional headquarters of Southern Railways and has railway lines passing through the city with Mysore-Arasikere line connecting Bangalore-Poona main line at Arasikere and Bangalore-Chamarajanagar line ending at Chamarajanagar.
 
Road Network of Mysore City
Mysore city has radial and gridiron pattern road network with arterial roads originating from the city centre.  Palace is the focal point of origin of all arterial roads running radially to outer areas of the city.  The city has 5 main arterial roads, which are also the State Highways connecting
Bangalore and Ooty
Bannur and Kanakapura
Hunsur and Mangalore
H.D. Kote and Manantvady
The total road network in the city was 335 kilometers in 1971. It increased to 432 kilometers in 1981, which accounts for 29% of increase over a decade. There are 48 main roads in the city covering a total length of around 58 kms. As on 2001, the total length of all types of roads was about 1773 km.

 
Ring Roads
The road network of the city includes three ring roads viz. outer ring road, intermediate ring road and inner ring road and also arterials roads, sub-arterial roads, collector roads and others. The three ring roads not only collect traffic from other roads but also act as by-pass roads at their respective locations in order to avoid congestion especially at the core of the city.
The details are as follows:

Outer Ring Road (ORR)
Outer Ring Road (ORR) around Mysore City was conceived to divert the traffic from the city area, which are crossing through the city and minimize the congestion within the city. The entire length of ORR takes off from Bangalore – Mysore Road (SH-17) and circumferences Mysore City on the western side crossing KRS Road, Hunsur Road, Bogadi Road, HD Kote Road and joins the Ooty Road near the Regulated Market; and in the eastern side crossing Bannur Road and joins Mahadevpura Road near Star Poultry Farm.
 
Along the western side of the city, the ORR of 25 km stretch is mainly 2 lane which is proposed to be widened to 4 lane divided carriageway.  Towards the eastern side, 7.2 Km stretch ORR is 4 lane divided carriageway of 20m wide and 9.5 Km stretch between Bannur and Nanjangud is yet to be tackled.  However, MUDA has proposal to construct / widen ORR so that the total width would be 45m.  ORR has been constructed with total crust thickness of 515 mm with the top portion comprising 40 mm Bituminous Concrete. There are 40 curves with design speed of 80 km/h; however in certain stretches design speed has been restricted to 65 km/h due to sharp curves and steep gradient.

 
Intermediate Ring Road
The Intermediate Ring Road is not a new alignment. It is proposed along the existing roads only. It is proposed to increase the width along the entire stretch to 30 m. The Intermediate Ring Road starts from new Kantharaja Urs road, passes through Vishwamanava Double Road, Bogadi Road, Open Air theatre Road, Hunsur Road and Gokulam Road. The existing road passes through Manjunathapura, in front of Ideal Jawa up to Highway Circle and then passes through Bannimanatapa, old Bangalore-Mysore Road, Hyderali road, Karanji Tank Bund Road, Race Course road, Bangalore –Nilgiri Road, J.L.B Road to join Kantharaja Urs road. The width of this intermediate ring road along Kantharaja Urs road has been retained at 24 m, as many structures have come up on either sides of this road.
 
Inner Ring Road
The inner ring road is also not a new road but its alignment is proposed along the existing roads and the width is proposed to be widened to 30 m. The width along Shesadri Iyer road and Sawday road are kept as 24 m whereas in other reaches it has been proposed as 30 m. The inner ring road starts from Sawday Road and passes through Bangalore-Nilgiri Road, Chamaraja Double road, J.L.B Road, Shesadri Iyer road and then joins Sawday Road.
 
Vehicle Growth
The total number of vehicles which was about 6000 in 1970 increased to 1.45 lakhs in 1996 and the current vehicle population is 3.55 lakhs (upto Nov’2005).  2-wheelers constitute more than 75% of total vehicular population. The city has now attracted a large number of IT/ITES companies like Infosys, Wipro etc. which has resulted in increase in the number of vehicles registered.  The number of vehicles registered in Mysore upto 30.11.2006 is 3.55 lakhs of which 2.86 lakhs is 2-wheelers constituting 80.56% of the total vehicle population. Based on the vehicle growth during the last few years, it is observed that the vehicle growth in Mysore city is about 8 to 9% p.a.
 
The vehicular growth is shown in below:
Statistics on vehicular growth

Types of vehicles

1970

1976

1981

1986

1989

1996

 

4-wheeler

2099

2843

3323

4829

57 17

11291

2-wheeler

2602

8219

17978

45125

68060

128336

Truck

866

1161

1351

2145

2310

37 12

Bus

499

651

659

1021

1318

955

Total

6066

12874

23311

53120

77405

144294


Accidents
Accidents in any city are a cause of major concern to the ULBs of the city.  A study of accidents enables to clearly assess the extent of discordance of different traffic units.  This also helps in clearly analyzing the predominant conflicting movements and to plan remedial measures as required (both engineering and management) so that the occurrence of accidents is minimized.
 
The accident data collected during the last 17 years is given below:

ACCIDENTS IN MYSORE CITY

YEARWISE FROM 1990 TO 2006 (AS ON 31-12-2006)

Sno.

Year

Number of accidents

Total number of Accidents

Number of persons

Fatal

Non-fatal

Killed

Injured

1.

1990

94

398

492

107

517

2.

1991

79

445

524

82

594

3.

1992

97

323

420

100

453

4.

1993

75

446

521

76

520

5.

1994

68

493

561

70

588

6.

1995

84

613

697

95

834

7.

1996

102

624

726

116

903

8.

1997

80

593

673

88

796

9.

1998

106

577

683

114

762

10.

1999

99

510

609

106

690

11.

2000

94

474

568

100

604

12.

2001

104

503

607

110

585

13.

2002

89

481

570

94

533

14.

2003

77

514

591

88

615

15.

2004

96

613

709

102

806

16.

2005

105

765

870

108

997

17.

2006

151

752

903

154

1011

Source: Traffic Police Department, Mysore
 
From the above table, it is evident that there has not been tremendous increase in the number of accidents although there is a marginal increase in the fatal accidents as compared to the non-fatal accidents.
 
Accidents, though cannot be eliminated, can be minimized by providing proper street furniture (like median, guard rails, signages etc.), pedestrian facilities (like footpaths, subways / Foot over bridges etc.), awareness among people through education by electronic and print media as also through road user education.
 
The Government of Karnataka established the Urban Development Authorities for the planned development of major and important urban areas in the State and the area adjacent thereto and to matters connected therewith under the Karnataka Urban Development Authorities Act 1987. As per the said Act, the City Improvement Trust Board (C. I. T. B), Mysore and Local Planning Authority of Mysore was amalgamated and the present Mysore Urban Development Authority came into existence. The Mysore Urban Development Authority (MUDA) was constituted on 16th May 1988.

As per the KUDA Act 1987, the Commissioner of the Authority is the Chief Administrator and Chief Executive of the authority. The Chairman heads the authority. He can call the meeting of the authority and put policy issues before the authority for decision.

The authority has formed many layouts and distributed nearly 35,000 sites and 10,000 houses after it came into existence. Also it has handed over the developed layouts to Mysore City Corporation for further maintenance. Vijayanagara Layout Ist, IInd, IIIrd and IVth Stage, formed by the Authority, is the biggest layout in South Asia, covering an area of nearly 2000 acres having 25,000 sites.
1.3.2 City Development Plan for Mysore City:

In the Mysore City Development Plan, prepared in December 2006 as part of the JNNUR Mission, it is proposed to configure the transport infrastructure for the city the CDP further emphasizes to develop a “vision” for the major interventions in the city’s transport infrastructure. The various interventions proposed in the transport sector have been enumerated below and include ring roads, improvement to radials, and introduction of mass transport system.

Proposed projects envisaged under CDP, Mysore:
The activities proposed by the administration of the city for developing the network of roads and developing an efficient transportation system are as indicated below:


• Completion and expansion of ring road in phases:
o Completing the 2 lanes, expansion of 2 lanes to 4 lanes.
o Development of outer ring roads in sync with the growth of the city
• Strengthening/ improvement of the roads including resurfacing
• Maintaining the roads and related infrastructure to prescribed standards
• Construction and/or widening of road bridges/ culverts etc.
• Construction and maintenance of radial roads & inner ring road
• Construction and maintenance of footpaths
• Construction and maintenance of storm water drains
• Maintenance (erection of street lights as required) of street lights to prescribed specifications
• Junction improvements and installation of road markings and signage
• Provision of vehicle parking facilities at bus stand and railway station and provision for auto stands etc.
• Hop in hop off tourist shuttles are also proposed for better mobility.
• More emphasis would be placed on safety related maintenance and upgrades on congested roads.
• Examine the feasibility of providing mass transport systems such as Bus Rapid Transit, Electric Trolley Buses, or light rail systems.
• Congestion on main roads will be managed by a combination of traffic engineering, capital work projects and controls (zoning etc)

The strengths of the City are encapsulated in the following:

• Old-world charm and confluence of heritage and culture
• Salubrious climate
• Planned city, having one of the oldest plan authorities in the country
• High standard of education
• City growth (till recently) has been gradual and well-managed
• Low slum population (< 10%)
• Room to grow
• Good linkages with Bangalore, Tamil Nadu, Kerala
• The City benefiting from its proximity to Bangalore, and the ‘push-effect’ on industry seeking to expand out of Bangalore.

The challenges that the city faces are:

• Tourism industry in a status-quo for the past many years
• Not much development beyond the ‘sight seeing’ circuit
• No attempt to convert into better public amenities, longer stays, and ‘experiential tourism’
• Or to convert Mysore into a heritage, culture, and tourism ‘hub’
• Inadequate transportation infrastructure
• No proper airport, which could be a key reason why Mysore’s development has been so different from that of Bangalore
• Inadequate urban transport system
• Inadequate bus system
• No local tourist shuttles, which are very important in a tourist city
• Rail connectivity with Bangalore is poor & doubling still not on the fast-track
• Can the city cope with increased growth of industry?
• Bangalore’s congestion is forcing companies to look at alternatives, but can Mysore absorb such investment, and still retain its heritage and culture?